Acticin, also known by its generic name permethrin, is a medication used to treat scabies and lice infestations. It belongs to the class of drugs known as pyrethroids, which work by paralyzing and killing the parasites. Acticin is available in the form of a cream and is for topical use only. It is not intended for oral consumption.
Acticin acts by inhibiting the sodium channel function in the nerve cells of the parasites. This leads to paralysis and ultimately their death, effectively eliminating the infestation. It is primarily used to treat scabies, a contagious skin condition caused by tiny mites that burrow into the skin and cause intense itching. Acticin is also effective against head lice and pubic lice.
Do’s and Don’ts
Acticin should not be used by individuals who are hypersensitive to permethrin or any of the other ingredients in the cream. It is also contraindicated in infants younger than 2 months old. Before using Acticin, it is important to inform your healthcare provider about any existing medical conditions, especially asthma or other respiratory disorders.
While using Acticin, it is advisable to avoid contact with the eyes, mouth, and mucous membranes. In case of accidental contact, rinse thoroughly with water. It is also important to avoid application on open wounds and broken or inflamed skin.
Potential Side Effects
Common side effects of Acticin include mild skin irritation, redness, itching, or tingling at the application site. These symptoms are usually transient and resolve on their own. In rare cases, more severe skin reactions such as blistering, burning, or swelling may occur. If any of these side effects persist or worsen, it is important to seek medical attention.
Some individuals may experience an allergic reaction to Acticin, characterized by hives, difficulty breathing, or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat. This is a serious medical condition and requires immediate medical attention.
The recommended dosage of Acticin cream for the treatment of scabies and lice infestations is a thin layer applied to clean, dry skin. It should be evenly distributed and massaged into all areas from the neck down to the soles of the feet. The cream should be left on for 8-14 hours and then washed off thoroughly.
If a dose is missed, it should be applied as soon as remembered. However, if it is close to the time for the next scheduled dose, it is best to skip the missed dose and continue with the regular dosing schedule.
Overdose of Acticin is unlikely to occur with topical application. However, if the cream is accidentally ingested, medical attention should be sought immediately.
There are no known significant drug interactions with Acticin. However, it is important to inform your healthcare provider about all the medications, including prescription and over-the-counter drugs, as well as herbal supplements and vitamins, that you are taking. These interactions can vary from person to person, and your healthcare provider will be able to determine the safety and efficacy of combining Acticin with other medications.
It is advised to avoid using other topical products, such as creams, lotions, or cosmetics, on the same areas of skin where Acticin has been applied, unless specifically recommended by your healthcare provider.
Can Acticin be used during pregnancy?
Acticin should only be used during pregnancy if the potential benefits outweigh the potential risks. It is recommended to consult with a healthcare provider before using Acticin while pregnant.
Is Acticin safe for children?
Acticin is generally safe for children above the age of 2 months. However, it is important to follow the recommended dosage and use under the guidance of a healthcare provider.
How long does Acticin take to work?
Acticin starts working immediately upon application. Itching and other symptoms may take a few days to completely resolve.
Can Acticin be used on the face?
Acticin is not approved for use on the face. It should only be applied from the neck down, avoiding contact with the eyes, mouth, and mucous membranes.
Can Acticin be used on pets?
Acticin is for human use only and should not be used on pets. Consult a veterinarian for appropriate medications for pets with similar conditions.