Evista is a medication that belongs to the class of drugs called selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs). It is primarily used in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. The active ingredient in Evista is raloxifene hydrochloride, and it works by mimicking the effects of estrogen in some parts of the body, while blocking estrogen in others.
Evista is available in tablet form and is taken orally. It is typically prescribed to women who have a high risk of developing osteoporosis or have already been diagnosed with the condition. It helps to reduce the risk of fractures and increases bone mineral density in postmenopausal women.
Evista should not be taken by individuals who have:
- A history of blood clots or venous thromboembolism
- A current or past history of liver disease
- Allergy or hypersensitivity to raloxifene or any of the ingredients in Evista
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding or unknown uterine bleeding
It is important to inform your healthcare provider about any existing medical conditions or allergies before starting treatment with Evista.
Common side effects of Evista may include:
- Hot flashes
- Leg cramps
- Swelling of the hands, feet, or ankles
- Flu-like symptoms
- Joint pain
Less common but more serious side effects may include:
- Increased risk of blood clots
- Endometrial cancer
- Severe allergic reactions
It is important to promptly report any adverse reactions to your healthcare provider.
How to Use
Evista should be taken exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. It is typically taken once daily, with or without food. Missing a dose should be avoided, but if you do miss a dose, it can be taken as soon as you remember. However, if it is close to the time for your next scheduled dose, the missed dose should be skipped and the regular dosing schedule should be resumed.
An overdose of Evista can lead to severe side effects. If you suspect an overdose has occurred, seek immediate medical attention. Symptoms of an overdose may include hot flashes, dizziness, leg cramps, or difficulty breathing.
Evista may interact with certain medications, altering their effectiveness or increasing the risk of side effects. Inform your healthcare provider about all the medications you are currently taking, including prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Drugs that may interact with Evista include:
|Warfarin||Increased risk of bleeding|
|Cholestyramine||Reduced absorption of Evista|
|Hormonal contraceptives||Reduced effectiveness of contraception|
1. Can Evista prevent all types of fractures?
No, Evista primarily helps to reduce the risk of spine fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. It may not be as effective in preventing other types of fractures.
2. Can Evista be used during pregnancy?
No, Evista is contraindicated during pregnancy as it may cause harm to the developing fetus. It should only be used by postmenopausal women.
3. How long should I take Evista?
The duration of treatment with Evista is typically determined by your healthcare provider. It is important to follow their instructions and continue taking the medication for as long as prescribed.
4. Can Evista be used by men?
Evista is indicated for use in postmenopausal women and has not been extensively studied in men. Its safety and effectiveness in men have not been established.
5. Can Evista be used by individuals with a history of breast cancer?
Evista has been shown to reduce the risk of invasive breast cancer in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis or at high risk of developing the disease. However, the decision to use Evista in individuals with a history of breast cancer should be made on an individual basis, considering the potential benefits and risks.