Maxalt is a medication used to treat migraines. It belongs to a class of drugs known as triptans, which work by narrowing blood vessels in the brain and reducing the release of substances that cause pain, nausea, and sensitivity to light and sound. Maxalt is available in tablet form and is typically taken as soon as migraine symptoms appear. The generic name for Maxalt is rizatriptan.
Maxalt should not be taken by individuals with a history of heart disease, coronary artery disease, angina, or uncontrolled high blood pressure. It is also contraindicated in patients with a history of stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), or peripheral vascular disease. Additionally, Maxalt should not be taken by those who have taken a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) in the past two weeks, as it can lead to a serious drug interaction. Individuals who are allergic to rizatriptan or any of the ingredients in Maxalt should also avoid taking this medication.
Maxalt and Your Health
Like all medications, Maxalt may cause side effects. Common side effects of Maxalt include dizziness, drowsiness, fatigue, nausea, and dry mouth. These side effects are usually mild and temporary. However, some individuals may experience more serious side effects such as chest pain, irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath, or severe stomach pain. If any of these severe side effects occur, it is important to seek immediate medical attention.
Maxalt should be taken as soon as migraine symptoms appear. The recommended starting dose for adults is 5 mg, which can be increased to 10 mg if necessary. The tablet should be swallowed whole with water and should not be crushed or chewed. If the migraine symptoms improve but return after initial relief, a second dose may be taken at least two hours after the first dose. However, the total dose should not exceed 30 mg in a 24-hour period.
If a dose of Maxalt is missed, it should be taken as soon as possible. However, if it is close to the time for the next scheduled dose, the missed dose should be skipped and the regular dosing schedule should be resumed. It is important not to take a double dose to make up for a missed one.
In the case of an overdose, medical attention should be sought immediately. Symptoms of overdose may include dizziness, fainting, seizures, and slow or irregular heartbeat.
How Other Drugs Affect Maxalt
There are certain drugs that may interact with Maxalt and potentially increase the risk of serious side effects. These drugs include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), tricyclic antidepressants, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). It is important to inform your healthcare provider about all the medications you are currently taking, including prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, and herbal supplements, to avoid potential interactions.
Inquiring About Maxalt
- Q: Can Maxalt be used to prevent migraines?
A: No, Maxalt is used to treat migraines as they occur, not as a preventive measure.
- Q: Can Maxalt be taken during pregnancy?
A: It is generally not recommended to take Maxalt during pregnancy, as its safety for the fetus has not been established.
- Q: Can Maxalt be taken with food?
A: Maxalt can be taken with or without food. However, taking it during a migraine attack on an empty stomach may enhance its effectiveness.
- Q: Can Maxalt be used by children?
A: Maxalt is approved for use in individuals aged 6 to 17 years, but the dose should be determined by a healthcare provider based on the child’s weight.
- Q: Can Maxalt be used for cluster headaches?
A: Maxalt is not indicated for the treatment of cluster headaches. It is specifically approved for the treatment of migraines.