Nizoral, also known as ketoconazole, is an antifungal medication used to treat fungal infections. It works by stopping the growth of fungi that cause infections in the body. Nizoral is available in various forms, including tablets, creams, and shampoo.
What to Avoid When Taking Nizoral
- Pregnancy: Nizoral may cause harm to an unborn baby, so it is not recommended to use during pregnancy unless the potential benefits outweigh the risks.
- Liver disease: Patients with liver disease should exercise caution when taking Nizoral as it can further damage the liver.
- Hypersensitivity: Individuals with known hypersensitivity to ketoconazole or any of the ingredients in Nizoral should not use the medication.
- Alcohol: Consumption of alcohol should be avoided while taking Nizoral as it may increase the risk of liver damage.
- Other medications: Nizoral may interact with certain medications, so it is important to inform your doctor about all the medications you are currently taking.
Nizoral and Your Health
- Common side effects of Nizoral include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, dizziness, and headache.
- Less common but more severe side effects may include liver problems, adrenal insufficiency, and allergic reactions such as rash, itching, and swelling.
- If you experience any severe or persistent side effects, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.
- Long-term use of Nizoral may also lead to the rare side effect of adrenal gland problems, which can cause symptoms such as fatigue, muscle weakness, weight loss, and low blood pressure.
When taking Nizoral tablets, it is important to follow the instructions provided by your doctor or pharmacist. The medication is usually taken once a day with or without food.
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for the missed one.
In case of an overdose, seek immediate medical attention. Symptoms of an overdose may include confusion, hallucinations, and irregular heartbeat.
Nizoral may interact with a variety of medications and substances. It is important to inform your doctor about all the medications, vitamins, and herbal supplements you are taking.
|Interacting Medication||Potential Interaction|
|Cisapride||May increase the risk of serious cardiac arrhythmias.|
|Tacrolimus||May increase blood levels of tacrolimus, leading to potential toxicity.|
|Warfarin||May increase the anticoagulant effect of warfarin, increasing the risk of bleeding.|
|Protease inhibitors||May increase the blood levels of protease inhibitors, leading to potential toxicity.|
Ask and Answer
Q: Can Nizoral be used to treat skin infections?
A: Yes, Nizoral cream or shampoo can be used to treat certain fungal skin infections, such as athlete’s foot or ringworm.
Q: Can I use Nizoral shampoo every day?
A: Nizoral shampoo should be used as directed by your doctor or as instructed on the packaging. Depending on the condition being treated, it may be used daily or a few times a week.
Q: Can Nizoral interact with birth control pills?
A: Nizoral may decrease the effectiveness of some hormonal contraceptives, such as birth control pills. It is recommended to use an additional form of contraception while taking Nizoral.
Q: Can Nizoral be used to treat yeast infections?
A: Nizoral is not typically used to treat vaginal yeast infections. There are more suitable antifungal medications available specifically for this purpose.
Q: Can Nizoral be used in children?
A: The use of Nizoral in children should be determined by a healthcare professional. It may be prescribed for certain conditions, but the dosage and duration of treatment will vary based on the child’s age and weight.