Xeloda is a prescription medication that is used to treat certain types of cancer, including breast, colon, and rectal cancer. The generic name for Xeloda is capecitabine, and it belongs to a class of drugs known as antimetabolites. Xeloda works by interfering with the growth of cancer cells, preventing their spread and multiplication within the body. It is typically taken orally in the form of tablets, and it is available in various strengths.
Before taking Xeloda, it is important to inform your healthcare provider about any allergies you may have, especially to fluorouracil or other similar medications. It is also crucial to disclose any other medical conditions you have, such as liver or kidney problems, blood disorders, or a history of heart diseases. Xeloda is contraindicated in individuals with severe renal impairment or known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency. Additionally, it is important to let your doctor know about all the medications you are currently taking, including prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, and herbal supplements.
Xeloda may cause various side effects, ranging from mild to severe. Common side effects include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhea, stomach pain, fatigue, and hand-foot syndrome. Hand-foot syndrome is characterized by redness, swelling, and tenderness of the hands and feet. Less commonly, Xeloda can cause serious side effects such as severe diarrhea, dehydration, skin reactions, liver problems, and blood disorders. It is important to immediately contact your healthcare provider if you experience any severe or persistent side effects while taking Xeloda.
How to Use
Xeloda should be taken exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. The dosage and treatment duration will depend on your specific condition and response to the medication. It is typically taken twice daily, with about a 12-hour interval between doses. The tablets should be swallowed whole with water, and they can be taken with or without food. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember, unless it is close to the time for your next dose. In that case, skip the missed dose and resume your regular dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to make up for a missed one. In the event of an overdose, seek immediate medical attention.
What to Watch Out For
Xeloda may interact with certain medications, potentially affecting their efficacy or increasing the risk of side effects. It is important to inform your healthcare provider about all the medications you are taking, including prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, and herbal supplements. Some drugs that may interact with Xeloda include anticoagulants, phenytoin, leucovorin, and sorivudine or its analogs. Additionally, Xeloda may increase the risk of bleeding in patients taking coumarin-derivative anticoagulants. It is important to closely monitor for any signs of bleeding or increased bruising while taking Xeloda.
Your Questions Answered
Can Xeloda cure cancer?
Xeloda is not a cure for cancer, but it can help to control and slow down the growth of cancer cells.
Will Xeloda make my hair fall out?
Hair loss is not a common side effect of Xeloda. However, some individuals may experience thinning of the hair or hair texture changes.
Can I drink alcohol while taking Xeloda?
It is generally advisable to avoid or limit alcohol consumption while taking Xeloda, as alcohol can increase the risk of certain side effects such as liver toxicity.
Can I take Xeloda during pregnancy?
Xeloda should not be taken during pregnancy, as it may cause harm to the unborn baby. It is important to use effective contraception during treatment and for a certain period afterwards.
Is it safe to breastfeed while taking Xeloda?
It is not recommended to breastfeed while taking Xeloda, as the medication may pass into breast milk and potentially harm the nursing infant. Consult with your healthcare provider for alternative feeding options.