Zestril, also known by its generic name Lisinopril, is a prescription medication that belongs to a class of drugs called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. It is primarily used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension), heart failure, and to improve survival rates after a heart attack. Zestril works by relaxing blood vessels, which helps to lower blood pressure and improve blood flow.
Before using Zestril, it is important to consider certain contraindications to ensure the safe use of the medication. Individuals who have a known allergy to Lisinopril or any other ACE inhibitor should not take Zestril. Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, individuals with a history of angioedema, and those with bilateral renal artery stenosis should also avoid the use of Zestril.
Managing Side Effects
While taking Zestril, it is possible to experience certain side effects. Common side effects may include dizziness, cough, headache, fatigue, and gastrointestinal disturbances. If these side effects persist or worsen, it is important to consult a healthcare professional. Serious side effects such as swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat, difficulty breathing, or signs of kidney problems should be reported immediately.
Zestril should be taken exactly as prescribed by a healthcare professional. The dose may vary depending on the individual’s medical condition and response to treatment. It is typically taken once daily, with or without food. If a dose is missed, it should be taken as soon as remembered. However, if it is close to the next scheduled dose, the missed dose should be skipped. Taking an overdose of Zestril can result in symptoms such as lightheadedness, fainting, or extreme tiredness. In case of an overdose, immediate medical attention should be sought.
Zestril and Concomitant Drugs
Zestril may interact with other medications, including over-the-counter drugs, herbal supplements, and prescription medications, which can affect its effectiveness or increase the risk of side effects. Some drugs that may interact with Zestril include but are not limited to diuretics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), potassium supplements, and certain antidiabetic drugs. It is important to inform a healthcare professional about all current medications before starting Zestril.
Ask and Answer
Can I take Zestril if I have diabetes?
Zestril can be safely used in individuals with diabetes. However, blood sugar levels may need to be closely monitored as the medication can sometimes cause an increase in blood glucose levels.
Can Zestril be taken during pregnancy?
No, Zestril should not be taken during pregnancy as it may cause harm to the unborn baby. It is important to discuss alternative medications with a healthcare professional if planning to become pregnant or if pregnancy occurs while taking Zestril.
Is it safe to consume alcohol while taking Zestril?
Drinking alcohol while taking Zestril may increase the risk of certain side effects such as dizziness or lightheadedness. It is advisable to limit or avoid alcohol consumption while using this medication.
Can I suddenly stop taking Zestril?
Sudden discontinuation of Zestril should be avoided. It is important to follow the healthcare professional’s instructions and gradually reduce the dosage if the treatment needs to be stopped.
Are there any special precautions I should follow while taking Zestril?
Individuals taking Zestril should avoid becoming dehydrated and should inform their healthcare professional about any medical conditions such as kidney disease or liver disease. Regular blood pressure monitoring and lab tests may be necessary during the treatment.